PDF: Madhushala by Harivanshrai Bachchan Free eBook Download

Free eBook Madhushala by Harivanshrai Bachchan PDF Download

Free eBook Madhushala by Harivanshrai Bachchan PDF Download
Madhushala (Hindi: मधुशाला) (The Tavern/The House of Wine), is a book of 135 "quatrains": verses of four lines ("Ruba'i) by Hindi poet and writer Harivansh Rai Bachchan (1907-2003). The highly metaphorical work is still celebrated for its deeply Sufi incantations and philosophical undertones [1] and is an important work in the Chhayavaad (Hindi: छायावाद) (Impressionism) literary movement of early 20th century Hindi literature.

All the rubaaiaa (the plural for rubaai) end in the word madhushala. The poet tries to explain the complexity of life with his four instruments, which appear in almost every verse: madhu, madira or haala (wine), saaki (server), pyaala (cup or glass) and of course madhushala, madiralaya (pub/bar).

First published in 1935, the work got Harivanshrai Bachchan instant fame, especially when his own recitation of the poems became a craze at kavi sammelans (Poetry symposiums) , the book still sells briskly: the present publisher of the book regularly releases 2 to 3 editions every year. When first published, it met criticism from many people for its apparent praise of alcohol. As noted in Bachchan's autobiography, after listening to the poems Mahatma Gandhi stated that these criticisms were unwarranted.

Madhushala was part his trilogy inspired by the Omar Khayyam's Rubaiyat, which he had earlier translated into Hindi. The other titles in the trilogy were Madhubala (मधुबाला) (1936) and Madhukalash (मधुकलश) (1937) .

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